The Clean Diet

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Per theory, it’s has not been so easy to put a healthy meal together but with so much scientific understanding available than ever before to guide us. And yet, the answers seem more elusive than ever. Researchers call this the “paradox” choice”. However The term "clean eating" has become very popular in the health community.

It’s a diet pattern that focuses on fresh, whole foods. This lifestyle can be easy and enjoyable as long as you follow a few general guidelines.

What is clean eating?

Clean eating doesn't have anything to do with food being clean or dirty.

It simply involves choosing minimally processed, real foods that provide maximal nutritional benefits.

The idea is to consume foods that are as close to their natural state as possible.

Selecting ethical and sustainable foods is also a part of clean eating.

Here are 7 simple tips to start eating clean.

1. Eat more vegetables and fruits

Vegetables and fruits are undeniably healthy.

They're loaded with fiber, vitamins, minerals, and plant compounds that help fight inflammation and protect your cells from damage (1Trusted Source).

In fact, many large observational studies link high fruit and vegetable intake to a reduced risk of illnesses like cancer and heart disease (2Trusted Source3Trusted Source4Trusted Source5Trusted Source).

Fresh vegetables and fruits are ideal for clean eating, as most can be consumed raw immediately after picking and washing.

Choosing organic produce can help you take clean eating one step further by reducing pesticide exposure and potentially boosting your health (6Trusted Source).

Here are some easy ways to incorporate more fruits and vegetables into your diet:

  • Make your salads as colorful as possible, including at least three different vegetables in addition to greens.

  • Add berries, chopped apples, or orange slices to your favorite dishes.

  • Wash and chop veggies, toss them with olive oil and herbs, and place them in a container in your refrigerator for easy access.

2. Limit processed foods

Processed foods are directly opposed to the clean eating lifestyle, as they’ve been modified from their natural state.

Most processed items have lost some of their fiber and nutrients but gained sugar, chemicals, or other ingredients. What’s more, processed foods have been linked to inflammation and an increased risk of heart disease (7Trusted Source).

Even if unhealthy ingredients aren't added to these goods, they still lack many of the benefits provided by whole foods.

Eating clean involves avoiding processed foods as much as possible.

3. Read labels

Although clean eating is based on whole, fresh foods, certain types of packaged foods can be included, such as packaged vegetables, nuts, and meat.

However, it's important to read labels to make sure there aren't any preservatives, added sugars, or unhealthy fats.

For instance, many nuts are roasted in vegetable oil, which can expose them to heat-related damage. It’s best to eat raw nuts — or roast them on your own at a low temperature.

Additionally, pre-washed salad mixes can save time but may harbor additives — especially in the salad dressing that’s often included.

4. Stop eating refined carbs

Refined carbs are highly processed foods that are easy to overeat yet provide little nutritional value.

Research has linked refined carb consumption to inflammation, insulin resistance, fatty liver, and obesity (8Trusted Source9Trusted Source10Trusted Source).

In contrast, whole grains — which provide more nutrients and fiber — may reduce inflammation and promote better gut health (11Trusted Source12Trusted Source).

In one study in 2,834 people, those who consumed mostly whole grains were less likely to have excess belly fat than those who focused on refined grains (13Trusted Source).

If you eat grains, choose the least processed kinds, such as sprouted grain bread and steel-cut oats. Stay away from ready-to-eat cereals, white bread, and other refined carbs

5. Avoid vegetable oils and spreads

Vegetable oils and margarines don't meet the criteria for clean eating.

For starters, they’re produced via chemical extraction, making them highly processed.

Some oils also contain high levels of the omega-6 fat linoleic acid. Studies in animals and isolated cells suggest that it increases inflammation, potentially raising your risk of weight gain and heart disease (14Trusted Source15Trusted Source16Trusted Source).

While artificial trans fats have been banned in the United States and other countries, some margarines and spreads may still contain small amounts (1718Trusted Source).

Although clean eating discourages all vegetable oils and spreads, it's important to eat a moderate amount of healthy fats. These include fatty fish, nuts, and avocado. If you can’t avoid vegetable oils completely, choose olive oil. 

6. Steer clear of added sugar in any form

It’s vital to avoid added sugar if you’re trying to eat clean. Yet, added sugar is very common — and even found in foods that don't taste particularly sweet, like sauces and condiments.

Both table sugar and high-fructose corn syrup are high in fructose.

Studies suggest that this compound may play a role in obesity, diabetes, fatty liver, and cancer, among other health problems (19Trusted Source20Trusted Source21Trusted Source22Trusted Source23Trusted Source2425Trusted Source26Trusted Source).

Depending on your health, you can occasionally eat small amounts of natural sugar — such as honey or maple syrup — while eating clean.

However, if you have diabetes, metabolic syndrome, or similar health issues, it's best to avoid all forms of concentrated sugar — including those from natural sources.

Moreover, even natural sugar sources contribute very little nutritional value.

For truly clean eating, try to consume foods in their natural, unsweetened state. Learn to appreciate the sweetness of fruit and the subtle flavors of nuts and other whole foods.

7. Limit alcohol consumption

Alcohol is made by adding yeast to crushed grains, fruits, or vegetables and allowing the mixture to ferment.

Moderate intakes of certain types of alcohol — particularly wine — may boost your heart health (27Trusted Source).

However, frequent alcohol consumption has been shown to promote inflammation and may contribute to a number of health problems, such as liver disease, digestive disorders and excess belly fat (28Trusted Source29Trusted Source30Trusted Source31Trusted Source32Trusted Source33Trusted Source34Trusted Source).

When following a clean eating lifestyle, minimize or eliminate your alcohol intake.

The bottom line

Clean eating emphasizes fresh, nutritious, and minimally processed foods.

This way of eating can not only boost your health but also help you appreciate foods’ natural flavors.

In addition, it supports sustainable agriculture and environmentally sound food practices.


Curious about mindful eating? We can give you a taste.

Are you ready to give mindful eating a shot? Take our “Build Healthy Habits” - A Mindful Eating Challenge and learn how to create lasting, healthy habits around food.
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